For the purpose of this article, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section:
Alternative paper means paper with environmental qualities that meet or exceed United States Environmental Protection Agency standards.
Biodegradable means capable of being broken down, especially into innocuous products, by the action of living things such as microorganisms.
Certification means the designation given to a firm using standard review procedures where determined by the Human Rights Department that the firm applying for such designation meets or exceeds certain specified requirements for that category of business as determined by this article.
Certification process means the standard review process used to confer upon a firm the designation of certification as defined in this section.
City site means a location within the corporate limits of the City or property owned by the City that is outside the corporate limits of the City.
Cooperative purchases means purchases made through a cooperative purchases resource.
Cooperative purchases resource means an arrangement through which purchases may be made of goods or services that are available under open contracts issued to local, state, or federal governmental entities acting on a cooperative basis, including, but not limited to, those designated as Michigan Delivering Extended Agreements Locally (MiDEAL), American communities, and other similar arrangements among governmental entities that are identified by the Purchasing Director and posted on the City’s website.
Detroit-based business (D-BB) means a business that furnishes goods, performs services, or both, from a location within the City limits, that pays City of Detroit Income Tax and City of Detroit Property Tax, if applicable, and has paid such taxes for at least one year immediately preceding the date of the application for certification to be a Detroit Based Business, and which shall comply with the following requirements:
(1) Provide verification that the applicant has the physical resources, and the ability to provide the service from, the City location subject to the certification;
(2) Provide verification that the business has or can procure an adequate number of employees at the City location subject to certification, to provide the services identified in the application; and
(3) Disclose the number of Detroit Resident Employees located at the City location subject to certification.
Detroit-based micro business concern (D-BMBC) means a business which meets the definitions of Detroit Based business and micro business concern as defined within this section.
Detroit-based small business (D-BSB) means any business which meets the definitions of Detroit Based business and small business concern as defined within this section.
Detroit-headquartered business (D-HB) means a business which:
(1) Has received a certification as a Detroit Based business, as defined in this section;
(2) Has an office within the City that serves as the administrative center where the chief executive officer and highest level management staff perform at least 51 percent of their management functions; and
(3) Has received a certification as a Detroit Headquartered business.
Detroit-resident business (D-RB) means any business which employs a minimum of four employees at least 51 percent of which are City residents.
Energy Star compliant products mean products that meet or exceed the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star; criteria for energy efficiency.
Environmentally-preferable means products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose and such comparison may consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, or disposal of the product or service.
Fiscal year means the fiscal year of the City being July 1st through June 30th.
Industrial oil means any compressor, turbine or bearing oil, hydraulic oil, metalworking oil or refrigeration oil.
Invitation for bids means the complete assembly of related bid documents, including those attached or incorporated by reference, which are furnished to prospective bidders for the purpose of bidding.
Joint venture means a joint venture of separate firms, one of which is a DBB, DBSB, DRB or DBMBC, which has been created to perform a specific contract, and is evidenced by a written agreement which provides at a minimum that the DBB, DBSB, DRB, or DBMBC:
(1) Is substantially included in all phases of the contract, including, but not limited to, bidding and staffing;
(2) Provides at least 51 percent of the total performance, responsibility, and project management of a specific job;
(3) Receives at least 51 percent of the total remuneration from a specific contract; and
(4) Shares in profits and losses.
Life-cycle analysis means the comprehensive examination of a product’s environmental and economic aspects and potential impacts throughout its lifetime, including raw material extraction, transportation, manufacturing, use, and disposal.
Lowest responsible bidder means the bidder who, or which, submits the lowest bid, conforming to specifications, as evaluated under Section 17512(b) of this Code, and who or which, meets the following standards as they relate to the particular contract under consideration. The prospective contractor must demonstrate:
(1) Adequate financial resources for the performance of the contract, or the ability to obtain such resources as required during performance;
(2) The necessary experience, organizational structure and resources, technical qualifications skills and facilities, or the ability to obtain them, including the ability to retain subcontractors as required;
(3) The ability to comply with the proposed or required time of delivery or performance schedule;
(4) A satisfactory record of integrity, judgment and performance. Contractors who, or which, are delinquent in current contract performance, considering the number of contracts and the extent of delinquencies of each, shall be presumed to be unable to fulfill this requirement in the absence of evidence to the contrary or compelling circumstances;
(5) The ability to conform to the requirements of the fair employment practices ordinances;
(6) Qualification and eligibility to receive an award under applicable laws ordinances and regulations; and
(7) The ability to produce, upon request, acceptable evidence of ability to obtain financial resources and the experience, organizational structure and resources, technical qualifications, skills and facilities needed for the proper performance of the contract sought.
Lubricating oil means any oil intended for use in an internal combustion crankcase, transmission, gearbox or differential, or in an automobile, bus truck, vessel, plane, train, heavy equipment or machinery powered by an internal combustion engine.
Major means not less than the specified dollar valuation of a contract in relation to the corresponding contract classification as follows:
|Type of Contract||Dollar Valuation|
|Equipment and supplies||$270,000,00|
|Public works contracts:|
|Including but not limited to, tree removal, catering, janitorial, maintenance||$678,000.00|
|Disposition of equipment and supplies unsuitable for public use||$25,000.00|
Mentor venture means a joint venture of separate firms, one of which is a DBB, DBSB, DRB or DBMBC, which has been created to perform a specific contract, and is evidenced by a written agreement which provides at a minimum that the DBB, DBSB, DRB or DBMBC:
(1) Is substantially included in all phases of the contract, including, but not limited to bidding and staffing;
(2) Provides at least 30 percent of the total performance, responsibility and project management of a specific job;
(3) Receives at least 30 percent of the total remuneration from a specific contract; and
(4) Shares in profits and losses.
Micro business concerns (MBC) means a business which has average annual gross receipts of $1,000,000.00 or less and no more than 15 employees. A business which is an affiliate or subsidiary of an entity that is not eligible for registration as a micro business concern shall not be registered as a micro business concern.
Post-consumer waste means a finished material that would normally be disposed of as solid waste, having completed its life cycle as a consumer item, but does not mean manufacturing waste.
Price-premium payback period means the number of years that it takes for the savings in operating costs to offset any additional upfront price of the product versus a lower price, less energy efficient model, which is calculated by dividing the price premium by the annual savings in operating costs.
Readily biodegradable means the measurement guidelines according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Reblended latex paint means paint, which is also known as consolidated latex paint, that contains 100 percent post consumer content from good quality surplus with no virgin materials such as resins and colorants added.
Recycled latex paint, or reprocessed latex paint, means latex paint with a post consumer recycled content level that a minimum meets the requirements specified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Recovered Materials Advisory Notice for reprocessed latex paint.
Recycled materials means materials that would otherwise be a useless, unwanted, or discarded material, except for the fact that the materials retain useful physical or chemical properties after serving a specific purpose and, therefore, can be reused or recycled.
Recycled oil means used oil that has been prepared for reuse as a petroleum product by refining, reclaiming, reprocessing or other means, provided, that the preparation or use is operationally safe, environmentally sound, and complies with federal, state, and local laws and regulations.
Recycled content paper means a paper with no less than:
(1) Fifty percent of its fiber weight consisting of secondary waste materials; or
(2) Thirty percent of its fiber weight consisting of postconsumer waste.
Retreaded tires means tires that use an existing casing for the purpose of vulcanizing new tread to such casing and that meet all performance and quality standards in the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards determined by the United States Department of Transportation.
Secondary waste materials means fragments of products or finished products of a manufacturing process that has converted a virgin resource into a commodity of real economic value, including post consumer waste, but does not mean excess virgin resources of the manufacturing process, including fibrous waste generated during the manufacturing process such as fibers recovered from waste water or trimmings of paper machine rolls, mill broke, wood slabs, chips, sawdust, or other wood residue from a manufacturing process.
Small business concern (SBC) means a business which:
(1) Has been in existence and operating for at least one year prior to the date of application for certification as a small business concern;
(2) Does not meet the definition of a micro business concern as defined in this division; and
(3) Is one of the following:
a. A manufacturing business which, for the three fiscal years preceding the date of application for certification, has provided full time employment to not more than 500 persons; or
b. A general construction business which, for the three fiscal years preceding the date of application for certification, has average annual gross receipts of not more than $28,000,000.00; or
c. A specialty construction business whose average annual gross receipts have not exceeded $12,000,000.00 in the three fiscal years preceding the date of application for certification; or
d. A wholesale business which, for the three fiscal years preceding the date of application for certification, has provided full time employment to not more than 100 persons; or
e. A retail business which, for the three fiscal years preceding the date of application for certification, has average annual gross receipts of not more than $6,000,000.00; or
f. A service business, other than professional, which for the three fiscal years preceding the date of application for certification, has average annual gross receipts of not more than $6,000,000.00; or
g. A professional services business, which for the three fiscal years preceding the date of application for certification, has had average annual gross receipts of not more than $6,000,000.00. A business which is an affiliate or subsidiary of an entity that is not eligible for certification as a small business concern shall not be certified as a small business concern.
Used oil means a petroleum based or synthetic oil, which through use, storage or handling has become unsuitable for its original purpose due to the presence of physical or chemical impurities or loss of original properties.
Virgin oil means oil that has been refined and formulated from crude oil, synthetic oil, or any blend of synthetic oil, and that has not been used or contaminated with physical or chemical impurities.
Volatile organic compounds means organic compounds characterized by a tendency to readily evaporate into the air, contributing in both indoor and outdoor air pollution and the creation of photochemical smog.
Codified by Ord. No. 28-19 (JCC. 7/23/19, Pass. 9/10/19, App. 9/11/19, Pub. 9/20/19, Eff. 10/1/19); Amended by Ord. No. 2020-17 (JCC. 3/3/20, Pass. 6/2/20, App. 6/10/20, Pub. 8/6/20, Eff. 8/6/20)